Archives: Pharmaceuticals and Biologics

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CMS Unexpectedly Withdraws Three Proposed Rules

The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) recently announced the withdrawal of three proposed rules that, in one case, had been pending since 2014. The first proposed rule that CMS decided to scrap was proposed in December of 2014 that would have ensured same-sex spouses were recognized and afforded equal rights as opposite-sex couples in Medicare and Medicaid participating facilities. The proposed rule was initiated to ensure that the Medicare conditions of participation and conditions of coverage were consistent with the U.S. Supreme Court decision in United States v.

Ninth Circuit Relies on Escobar to Revive False Claims Act Suit Against Pharmaceutical Manufacturer

On July 7, 2017, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit reversed a federal district court’s dismissal of a False Claims Act (FCA) whistleblower suit in United States ex rel. Campie v. Gilead Sciences, explaining that the district court did not have “the benefit of” the Supreme Court’s 2016 decision in Escobar at the time the suit was dismissed for failure to state a claim under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6).…

Third Circuit Recognizes Escobar “Heightened Materiality Standard” in Dismissal of False Claims Act Case Tied to Avastin

In May 2017, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit relied on the “heightened materiality standard” endorsed by the U.S. Supreme Court in its 2016 Escobar decision in dismissing a False Claims Act (FCA) whistleblower suit filed against pharmaceutical giant Genentech related to its billion dollar cancer drug Avastin. In Escobar, the Supreme Court upheld the validity—“at least in some circumstances”—of the “implied false certification” theory of FCA liability, and provided that this theory can attach where at least two conditions are met: a defendant must (1) …

Supreme Court Decision Allows Faster Marketing of Biosimilars

On Monday, June 12, 2017, the United States Supreme Court in a unanimous decision held that manufacturers making biosimilars of biologic drugs did not have to wait until after gaining federal approval of the biosimilar to notify the manufacturer of biologic reference products (Sponsor) that they intend to commercially market a biosimilar drug. The Court’s decision addresses two cases in the same opinion: Sandoz v. Amgen and Amgen v. Sandoz. …

FDA Delays Intended Use Regulations

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced that it was delaying until March 19, 2018, a Final Rule that has been viewed as having a chilling effect on scientific speech in attempting to broaden FDA’s authority to find an “intended use” for an approved or cleared medical product.  FDA extended the effective date to allow additional public comments after a petition filed on behalf of various industry groups challenged the Final Rule (dockets FDA-2011-P-0512, FDA-2013-P-1079, FDA-2015-N-2002, and FDA-2016-N-1149).

In the Final Rule, FDA had amended the intended use …

US and EU Agreement Allows Mutual Recognition of GMP Inspections

On March 2, 2017, U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced that the United States had reached an agreement with the European Union (EU) that will allow FDA and EU regulators to use each other’s good manufacturing practice (GMP) inspections of pharmaceutical manufacturing facilities.  The agreement, entered into after several years of joint collaboration and evaluation, should help to avoid duplication of drug inspections and lower inspection costs. The FDA’s authority to enter into the agreement is derived from the Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act, which allows …

21st Century Cures Act – Implications for Investigators and Research Sites

Below is a summary of some of the key provisions relevant to investigators and research sites included in the recently enacted, bipartisan 21st Century Cures Act, including human subjects protections and the privacy and security of health information used in clinical research.  Among other requirements, the Act:

*requires the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to harmonize the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Human Subjects Regulations with the HHS Human Subject Regulations (the Common Rule), which should help streamline research that falls under both sets of regulations;…

FDA Final Rule on Postmarketing Safety Reporting for Combination Products

On December 20, 2016, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) published regulations (Final Rule) establishing postmarketing safety requirements for combination products, which are products comprised of:

(1) a drug and a device;

(2) a device and a biological product;

(3) a biological product and a drug; or

(4) a drug, a device, and a biological product.

“Postmarketing safety” involves manufacturing events, device malfunctions, and events causing injury to users, and the reporting requirements relating to product and patient safety arising from these events. …

FDA’s Program for Parallel Review of Medical Devices

On October 24, 2016, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) published a joint announcement of their plan to continue the Program for Parallel Review of Medical Devices.

The Program is a collaborative effort that is intended to reduce the time between FDA marketing approval and Medicare coverage decisions through the CMS National Coverage Determinations (NCD). The goal is to “ensure prompt and efficient patient access to safe and effective and appropriate medical devices for the Medicare population.”

The Program began in …

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