Massachusetts continues to issue additional directives and guidance for the health care provider community in response to COVID-19. In this post we highlight new orders by Massachusetts Governor Baker, the Massachusetts Department of Public Health (DPH), and MassHealth. Updates include expanded license reciprocity for non-physicians, independent practice of certain Advanced Practice Registered Nurses (APRNs), waiver of certain MassHealth requirements in the discharge and transfer of long-term care patients, and authorization for EOHHS to establish temporary rates, supplemental payments, or alternative rates and payment methodologies for certain providers. MassHealth has also issued FAQs for behavioral health providers utilizing telehealth to provide services.
DPH Issues Order Allowing for Reciprocity of Out-of-State Licenses for Non-Physician Health Care Providers, Including Telemedicine
On March 29, 2020, the Commissioner of the Massachusetts Department of Public Health (DPH) issued an Order, which includes terms regarding reciprocity for out-of-state health care providers, including:
registered nurses, licensed practical nurses, advanced practice registered nurses, dentists, dental hygienists, dental assistants, pharmacists, pharmacy technicians, nursing home administrators, physician assistants, respiratory therapists, perfusionists, genetic counselors, community health workers and emergency medical technicians.
Under the Order, a health care provider licensed in another state who presents verification to the corresponding Massachusetts licensing authority that their license is in good standing in the issuing state will be issued a corresponding Massachusetts license. The license will be valid during the state of emergency. All of these health care providers may provide services within the scope of practice authorized by the license in their profession, both in-person in Massachusetts and across state lines using telemedicine where appropriate, into Massachusetts.
DPH Issues Order for Long-term Care Facilities Designated to Care for Individuals with COVID-19
On March 28, 2020, the Massachusetts DPH Commissioner issued an Order applicable to long term care facilities that have been designated by DPH to care for individuals with COVID-19. The Order waives MassHealth regulations regarding transfers and discharge of long-term care facility residents (at 130 CMR 456.701 through 456.704), and the related fair hearing rules (at 130 CMR 610.015 and 610.028 through 610.032). The waiver only applies for the limited purpose of safely transferring and discharging all residents living in a long-term care facility that is intended to be used as a designated COVID-19 facility.
Additionally, the Order waives the provisions for requesting a fair hearing related to transfers and discharges, in G.L. c. 111, § 70E , and at 130 CMR 610.015 and 610.028 through 610.032, for these facilities. The Order cautions that the facilities must continue to comply with all other applicable statutes, regulations, and guidance.
The Order is effective from March 28, 2020, until the State of Emergency is terminated by the Governor, or until the Order is rescinded by DPH, whichever shall happen first. According to the Order, guidance is being issued by MassHealth setting forth the procedures to be used to transfer and discharge residents.
DPH Issues Order For Independent Practice of Advanced Practice Registered Nurses (APRNs)
On March 26, 2020, the Massachusetts DPH Commissioner issued an Order expanding the practice authority of APRNs with more than 2 years of supervised practice experience. Under the Order, APRNs in all categories recognized by the Board of Registration in Nursing and in good standing, other than certified nurse midwives, who have at least 2 years of supervised practice experience, are exempt from all requirements for physician supervision and written guidelines for prescriptive practice. Guidance issued by the Bureau of Health Professions Licensure clarifies that 2 years of professional practice as an APRN in a jurisdiction where physician supervision is not required will also meet this requirement.
For APRNs, other than certified nurse midwives, with less than 2 years of supervised practice experience, the existing requirements for physician supervision and prescriptive practice guidelines continue to apply. If, however, such APRN collaborates with a different physician for supervision of prescriptive practice during the state of emergency, a record signed by the APRN and the supervising physician specifying their consent to such supervision and the relevant dates, will meet the requirement for written guidelines. The Guidance states that the physician and APRN must both hold valid licenses in good standing, and the collaboration must be in response to the need to maximize health care provider availability during the state of emergency.
Governor Issues Order Authorizing EOHHS to Adjust Essential Provider Rates
On March 30, 2020, Massachusetts Governor Baker issued an Order authorizing the Executive Office of Health and Human Services (EOHHS) to designate certain classes of providers that EOHHS determines are (1) facing extraordinary demand due to the COVID-19 public health emergency, (2) are necessary to keep vulnerable individuals safe in their home or residences, or (3) are human services providers that have been forced to respond to respond to COVID-19 by altering modalities of service delivery in ways not contemplated by the current rate structure.
Under the Order, EOHHS is authorized to establish temporary rates, supplemental payments, new rate and payment methodologies and arrangements to reflect the new modalities through which providers are delivering their services. The temporary rates, supplemental payments, or new rate and payment methodologies will be effective on publication of Administrative Bulletins, which shall be published by EOHHS in the Massachusetts Register and on the EOHHS website, which shall be open for public comment. The Order and such temporary rates or payments established under the Order are effective for the duration of the state of emergency.
MassHealth issues FAQs for Behavioral Health Providers Using Telehealth
MassHealth has also issued Frequently Asked Questions to clarify how behavioral health providers can utilize telehealth to continue to provide services to their patients. FAQs were issued for Behavioral Health Providers, Children’s Behavioral Health Initiative (CBHI) Providers, and Applied Behavioral Analysis Providers.